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NJBMS - Volume 1, Issue 4, April - June 2011

Pages: 194-197

STUDY OF RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS FOLLOWING PRANAVA PRANAYAMA PRACTICE IN HEALTHY YOUNG ADULTS

Author: MAMATHA

Category: Physiology

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Abstract:

Background and Objectives:

Pranayama is a yogic technique in which breathing is controlled voluntarily. There are various types of pranayama. Previous studies have been conducted on the effects of certain combined practice of yoga. The present study however is under taken to ascertain whether pranava pranayama alone has any effect on the ventilatory lung functions, which depends on strength of respiratory muscles and complianceof lungs. The study was done to know whether there is any change in pulmonary functions in subjects practicing pranava pranayama,andinsubjectsnotpracticingpranavapranayama.

Materials and Methods:

Test group consisted of 40 student volunteers of Rama Krishna institute of moral and spiritual education, Mysore of aged between 18 to 28years.They practiced pranava pranayama for 30 minutes daily for 16 weeks. The control group consisted of 40 students of JSS medical college aged 18-28 years. Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT) was determined after 16 weeks of practice by using medspiror. Appropriate statistical test were applied and results were analysed.

Results:

Pranayama is a yogic technique in which breathing is controlled voluntarily. There are various types of pranayama. Previous studies have been conducted on the effects of certain combined practice of yoga. The present study however is under taken to ascertain whether pranava pranayama alone has any effect on the ventilatory lung functions, which depends on strength of respiratory muscles and compliance of lungs. The study was done to know whether there is any change in pulmonary functions in subjects practicing pranava pranayama, and in subjects not practicing pranava pranayama. The test group showed significant increase in values of parametes considered in present study as compared to values in control group after 16weeks of practice. But there was no change in the same parameters in control group after 16week.

Interpretation and Conclusion:

While performing pranava pranayama the subject breaths deeply during which the lungs inflate & deflate to fullest possible extent and there is strengthening of respiratory muscles. Hence there is increase in Pulmonary functions.

Keywords: Pranava Pranayama, PFT.

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


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