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NJBMS - Volume 1, Issue 4, April - June 2011

Pages: 202-204

CAD RISK AND EFFECT OF YOGA IN YOUNG, HEALTHY MALES

Author: DHANANJAYA J R , B C VASTRAD

Category: Physiology

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Abstract:

Background:

National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) guidelines recommend cholesterol screening as early as 20yrs. It also suggests that Risk ratio of > 3.5 is considered as risk forCAD(coronary artery disease).

Aim:

(i) to know the lipid levels in young, healthy individuals, assess risk of CAD among them. (ii) to know the effect of yoga on lipid profiles and its effect on CAD.

Methods :

Twenty five young healthy males of 18-25 years were selected for the study and they underwent Yoga practice for six months. Total Cholesterol (TC), Triglycerides (TG), High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), Very low density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (VLDL) were measured and \"risk ratio\" (TC/HDL)was calculated.

Results:

The risk ratio of >3.5 is noted in our subjects before practice of yoga. Significant reduction in TC, TG, VLDL, LDL, and significant increase in HDL is observed in this study. The risk ratio after practice of Yoga reduced significantly.

Conclusion:

Our study suggests that there is a risk of CAD even in the younger age group as noted from the risk ratio >3.5 as per NCEP guidelines and the risk of CAD is reduced by regular practice of yoga as is evident from the reduced risk ratio.

Keywords: Yoga, CAD, lipid profiles, TC, TG, LDL, HDL, triglyceride, Risk ratio.

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


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