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NJBMS - Volume 5, Issue 2, October - December 2014

Pages: 42-44

MORTON’S TOE ASSESSMENT BY MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF LENGTH OF FIRST AND SECOND METATARSALS

Author: LAIGY PAUL, DEEPTI SHASTRI, YASMIN FERNANDES

Category: Anatomy

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Abstract:

Background : Morton's toe is the condition of a shortened first metatarsal bone in relation to the second metatarsal. The longer second metatarsal puts the joint at the base of the second toe farther forward. The present study shows the prevalence of Morton's toe and reveals that it is not an uncommon condition . Morton's toe can cause plantar fasciitis, myofacial pain, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, arthritis, ankle pain, heel pain, neuromas, burning feet metatarsalgia, callus formation under second metatarsals etc. because of abnormal pronation of the foot. The knowledge of this type of toe helps for early detection and treatment of all above mentioned conditions.

Aim of the study: To assess the occurrence of Morton’s toe by morphometric analysis of length of first and second metatarsals using the X -ray films.

Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 100 X-rays of adult subjects over 21 years of age. The difference in the length of first and second metatarsal bones was compared by measuring the distance between their heads using Image Tool software. Results :Of the total 100 x-rays which were examined (50 right foot and 50 left foot) 8 X-rays of the right foot and 3 X-rays of left foot showed the features of morton’s toe.

Conclusion: Our findings highlight the incidence of Morton’s toe and it is important for early detection and treatment of the clinical conditions that follow.

Keywords: 1st metatarsal, 2nd metatarsal , morton's toe

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


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