NJBMS - Volume 4, Issue 4, April - June 2014

Pages: 223-226



Category: Physiology

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Background: Hypertension is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in causing coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular complications. Adverse association of cardiovascular risk factors in children and young adults with a parental history of the disease is well recognized. Body mass and obesity relate strongly with the development of higher percentiles of blood pressure (BP).

Objective: The present study is aimed to find out any observed differences in the BP, Body mass index (BMI) and Waist-hip ratio in young adults of hypertensive parents. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was done on 100 Ist year students of a college. After getting the Institutional Ethical Committee clearance and informed consent from all the participants, BP, BMI and Waist-hip ratio in the apparently healthy children of hypertensive and normotensive parents were measured and compared. Children of the hypertensive parents constituted the study group and the children of the normotensive parents constituted the control group.

Results: Among the 100 students, who participated in the study, 50% were males and 50 % were females in the age group of 18 - 22 years. Both the mean Systolic and Diastolic BPs were significantly higher in male children than female children of hypertensive parents (P< 0.001). The mean Systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in male children of hypertensive parents than male children of non-hypertensive parents (P< 0.0001). The BMI was also higher in children of hypertensive parents. There was no difference in Waist-hip ratio between the two groups.

Conclusion: Increase in BP and BMI in children of hypertensive parents emphasizes the routine monitoring of blood pressure in these children to avoid future complications.

Keywords: Body mass index, Blood pressure, Hypertensive parents

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.

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