UA-22728437-71


NJBMS - Volume 4, Issue 2, October - December 2013

Pages: 97-100

MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF FORAMEN MAGNUM WITH COMPUTER AIDED DIGITAL IMAGE

Author: SATHVIKA.T, DEEPTI SHASTRI , SHANTA CHANDRASEKARAN

Category: Anatomy

[Download PDF]

Abstract:

Background

Knowledge of human skeleton is an important factor in creating a biological profile for Human. Numerous studies have shown that metric and non-metric characteristics of the foramen on the skull base are good indicators for profiling. The usual method employed for morphometric studies on foramen is manual method for dry skulls or CT scan in live individuals.

Aim:

The aim of the present study was to do morphometric analysis of foramen magnum using a computer software “image tool”.

Objectives:

1. To observe the variations in the shape of foramen magnum.

2. To take mean measurements of the length and width of digital image of the foramen magnum, and to calculate the foramen magnum index.

Materials and methods

A total of 100 dry adult skulls from the department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Mission's Kirupananda Variyar Medical college, Salem were utilised for the study. Photographs of the foramen magnum were taken with a

10.2 megapixel digital camera and the measurements of the digital image of foramen magnum were taken with image tool.

Results

Shape of foramen magnum – 35% arrow head, 20% diamond, 15% oval, 18% egg, 12% circular.

Mean length - 31.6 mm Mean width - 26.8 mm Foramen magnum index – 1.18

Conclusion

The knowledge of dimensions of the foramen magnum and the variations in its shape will be helpful during the performance of clinical and radiological diagnostic procedures and during surgical approach in the region of foramen magnum.

Keywords: Foramen magnum (FM ), Image tool, Foramen Magnum Index (FMI)

No. of online users: 83

Search Articles



Visitor Counter

World wide visitors

News

Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


Indexed in

Index Copernicus (MCI recognized indexing body) ICV - 75.97, Scientific Indexing Services, Research Bib, Indian Science Publication, Eurasian Scientific Journal Index, Science Library Index, International Innovative Journal Impact Factor, Cite Factor, International Impact Factor Service,

Publication Statistics

Articles Statistics

Advertisements

Society for Basic Medical Sciences
NJBMS Journal - Indexed in Index Copernicus

Manuscript Statistics

Subscribe for TOC Alerts

Get the table of contents of current issues.

E-mail Alerts