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NJBMS - Volume 6, Issue 4, April - June 2016

Pages: 168-171

TRIAL AND EVALUATION OF DRY FORMAT ELDON CARD FOR ABO & Rh BLOOD GROUPING – “ A NEW CARD CONCEPT ”

Author: S.RAVICHANDRAN, PHILIPS ABRAHAM, K. SUGENDRAN, HANS OLE HEDEGAARD , EVANGELINE JONES

Category: Pathology

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Abstract:

INTRODUCTION : The ABO system was the first human blood group system discovered by Landsteiner in 1900 and is still the most important in transfusion practice. Although on-site blood testing is desirable and appropriate blood transfusion procedure, most conventional methods lack the required usability or portability. To overcome this inconvenience, Eldon Biological A/S Denmark has developed a dry format –Eldon cards for ABO & Rh blood grouping

AIM AND OBJECTIVE : The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of the Eldoncard on comparison with standard conventional method

MATERIALS AND METHODS : Study was conducted in 808 volunteers which include Doctors, medical students, non-medical students and non-teaching staffs selected randomly from Vinayaka missions University, Salem. Blood grouping was conducted as per the instructions in the company manual. Result of this Eldon card method was compared with standard conventional method using liquid anti sera.

RESULT : The cards are portable, compact, and easy to use and give the reliable results within one minute. All cards showed a very good agglutination result. On comparison with the conventional method, no disparity was observed. However, there is no provision on these cards for sub groups (A1, A2, A1B & A2B) and other rare groups like Bombay blood group.

CONCLUSION : The present study showed that the ABO blood grouping and Rh typing tested on the Eldon cards were similar to the results obtained by standard conventional Slide and Tube method.

Keywords: Eldon card, Blood grouping, Blood transfusion, Cross matching, Compatibility

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


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