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NJBMS - Volume 3, Issue 2, October - December 2012

Pages: 95-98

STUDY OF MULTIPLE CONGENITAL ANOMALIES IN THE CHILDREN OF CONSANGUINEOUS COUPLES FROM BANGALORE DISTRICT

Author: ARUN KUMAR S. BILODI, V. VIJAYA KUMARI

Category: Anatomy

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Abstract:

Aim of the present study: Consanguinity is a tradition prevalent in India. Our study aims to determine the role of consanguinity on congenital anomalies and identify the different types of anomalies and the percentages of their incidence that we came across in Raja Rajeswari Medical College & Hospital, Bangalore and other hospitals of Bangalore district in offsprings of consanguineous couples.

Period of study: A two years study from beginning of 2007 to end of 2008. Materials and Methods: One thousand and two hundred patients were screened for study of anomalies. Anomalies were observed in sixty four (5.33%) subjects of different age groups born to consanguineous couples and constituted the materials for the present study.

Results: There were sixty four (5.33%) cases of congenital anomalies in patients of different age groups ranging from new born to adult age groups. Males were 59.37% and females were 40.63%. Higher incidence of anomalies was noted involving the musculoskeletal system and facial anomalies (15.625% each) followed by ear, nose and throat anomalies (14.06%). The least incidence was dental anomaly (01.56%).

Conclusion: Consanguinity may result in congenital anomalies due to homozygosity of genes. Counseling of such couples is essential to avoid congenital anomalies in the offspring

Keywords: Consanguinity, consanguineous couples, heredity, heterogeneity, superstitions, birth defects, abnormalities, anomalies.

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


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