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NJBMS - Volume 3, Issue 3, January - March 2013

Pages: 192-197

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF INSTRUMENTAL INDIAN CLASSICAL AND WESTERN MUSIC THERAPY ON COGNITIVE AND BEHAVIORAL IMPAIRMENTSIN STRESS INDUCED YOUNG RATS.

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Category: Physiology

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Abstract:

Background: Stress is known to induce alterations in various physiological responses leading to pathological status. Stress is also linked with memory. Long term stress leads to severe of cognitive deficits. A powerful source of auditory stimulation to the human brain is provided by music. Listening to triggers a complexsequelae of cognitive and emotional events in the brain involving distinct neural substrates.

Objectives:To compare the effect of instrumental Indian classical and western instrumental music therapy on anxiety, learning and memory of stress induced young rats.

Methods: Rats of age 30 days were stressed by Tube stress for two hours per day over ten days followed by instrumental music therapy. Four Comparative groups with six rats in each group were studied. Then, the rats were tested for cognitive and behavioral changes by Elevated Plus maze and Passive avoidance, along with age matched rats as controls.

Results: Stress significantly increases anxiety, decreases learning and memory in the rats. However, significant (p< 0.01) improvement was observed after treatment with instrumental Indian classical music among stress induced rats.

Conclusion : Instrumental Indian classical music is a very cost effective and easily accessible remedy in relieving the negative effects of stress induced cognitive impairments.

Keywords: Stress significantly increases anxiety

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


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