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NJBMS - Volume 3, Issue 4, April - June 2013

Pages: 257-260

EFFECT OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE TO COTTON DUST ON LUNG FUNCTIONS IN YOUNG FEMALE SPINNING MILL WORKERS

Author: ANUPAMA DEEPAK, KAMMAR KF

Category: Physiology

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Abstract:

Context: Workers in textile industry are constantly exposed to cotton dust and are liable to develop impairment of lung functions. Effect of long term exposure is well documented but limited data is available with regard to early pulmonary response to cotton dust.

Aim: To study the effect of exposure to cotton dust for 1-5 years duration on lung functions tests in young female workers.

Settings and Design: A prospective study of 100 female cotton textile workers was undertaken. Materials and Methods: Pulmonary function tests were carried out on

100 young (20-35years) female, non-smoking cotton textile workers and compared with data obtained from 100 age and sex matched controls.

Statistical analysis: Data analysis was done using student't' test using SPSS software.

Results: FVC, FEV1, FEV1/VC, PEFR, MEF75% were

significantly less (p< 0.01) in cotton textile workers as compared to controls. The results suggested that lung function changes do occur even with shorter duration of exposure (1-5years). Precautions have to be taken to prevent the development of chronic lung disease in these workers.

Keywords: pulmonary function tests, early pulmonary response, textile workers, short duration of exposure, cotton dust.

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Editor in Chief of NJBMS Dr.Deepti Shastri, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Academic Co-ordinator for Pre and Paraclinical Sciences, VMKV Medical College & Hospital, Salem.


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