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NJBMS - Volume 4, Issue 1, July - September 2013

Pages: 18-22
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EFFECT OF A SINGLE BOUT OF HAND MUSCLE EXERCISE ON BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS IN DIABETICS

Author: V. SUGANTHI, K. VIJAYBABU, S. ANU, K.N. MARUTHY, M.G. YUVARAJ

Category: Physiology

Abstract:

Background: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus has become an epidemic world-wide. Lack of physical activity and high calorie diet increase the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes and its complications can be prevented by regular exercises. Many studies have assessed the effect of exercises on blood glucose levels where larger group of muscles are involved. There are no exercise studies involving smaller groups of muscles like forearm and digital muscles.

Aim: To evaluate the effect of a single bout of hand muscle exercise on the blood glucose level in diabetics.

Materials and Methods: Subjects were Type 2 diabetics, between the age group of 45 – 65 years. Exercise was done with a digitalized hand-grip dynamometer.

Results: Capillary blood glucose levels before and after exercise was estimated and analyzed with Students paired t test. Significant decrease in the blood glucose levels after the exercise was noted. (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: Exercises involving smaller muscles like the hand muscles can also reduce the blood glucose levels. So these types of exercise can be recommended to diabetics who cannot do the regular aerobic or resistance exercises.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hand muscle exercise, GLUT 4.