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NJBMS - Volume 3, Issue 4, April - June 2013

Pages: 274-277
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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BLOOD PRESSURE, BLOOD GLUCOSE AND STRESS LEVELS IN WORKING WOMEN AND HOMEMAKERS

Author: ND CHAITRA, VEERAIAH SHIVAKUMAR

Category: Physiology

Abstract:

Background: Working women today have dual responsibility to be fulfilled at both workplace and home. Homemakers also have a high responsibility to look after home and children. Stress may be common factor in both groups.

Aim: To record blood pressure (B.P.), estimate random blood glucose (R.B.S.) and score the stress levels in working women and homemakers and to compare the said data in the two groups to evaluate risk levels.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted on 80 females, 40 working in banks and 40 homemakers, aged between 20-40 yrs. Subjects were chosen based on inclusion-exclusion criteria and after taking informed consent, B.P., R.B.S., and stress score data were collected.

Statistical Analysis used: Student t test (two tailed, independent), Leven1s test, Chi-square/ Fisher Exact test Pearson correlation test.

Results and conclusions: On comparing above mentioned parameters, D.B.P. was significantly increased in homemakers (P = 0.048*). 10% homemakers had RBS > 140 mg% while working women had values within normal limits. Homemakers had a higher mean score of Perceived Stress Score (15.95±3.76) than working women (15.70±4.98) though statistically insignificant. It can be concluded that homemakers are at higher health risk than working women. This can be attributed to various factors like rearing more number of children than working women, feeling of worthlessness due to financial dependence and confinement at home in homemakers.

Keywords: blood pressure, stress, BMI, obesity.