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NJBMS - Volume 7, Issue 1, July - September 2016

Pages: 32-35
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EFFECT OF AWARENESS OF LEARNING STYLES AND MODIFICATIONS IN STUDY MODALITIES ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FIRST MBBS STUDENTS

Author: Milind V Bhutkar, Pratima M Bhutkar

Category: Medical Education

Abstract:

Background: Different students have different learning styles. If students are made aware of their learning styles, their performance may improve. Understanding students' learning style preference is therefore an important consideration for an effective teaching and learning process.

Aim and Objective: To find out preferred learning styles of preclinical medical students and to find out if there is any change in the learning outcome after counseling them regarding their preferred learning styles and ways to realign their study modalities.

Materials and Methods: VARK questionnaire (version 7.8 with 16 items) was administered to 88 first MBBS students to know their learning styles. Pre-test in the form of multiple choice questions was carried out in all students. Students were made aware of their learning style by the facilitators and ways to realign their study modalities to their preferred learning style were discussed. Reinforcement sessions were conducted every two weeks such three sessions were conducted. Post- test was carried out after eight weeks. Pre-test and post-test results were compared using Student's paired 't' test.

Results: Number of students according to their preferred learning style are as follows: Multimodal (using more than one learning styles =38, unimodal: visual=18, auditory=22, Read/Write=17, Kinesthetic=05. After students realigned their study strategies, post test scores improved in 51% students.

Conclusion: Multimodal learning style was preferred by more students than any of the unimodal styles. Improvement in post test scores suggests that awareness of own learning style and relevant changes in study modalities leads to improvement in learning experience and performance of the students.

Keywords: Learning style, VARK, Unimodal, Multimodal.