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NJBMS - Volume 9, Issue 1, July - September 2018

Pages: 50-60
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Portfolio in Competency Based Medical Education - A Review of the Current Technology for Future Trends

Author: Senthil Kumar. B, Deepti Shastri

Category: Medical Education

Abstract:

Educational Technology plays an important role in learning facilitation for improving educational system. Competency Based Medical Education (CBME) has become central to the training and assessment of health-care education. Competency Based Medical Education (CBME) mainly focuses on outcomes and professional performance of the medical students. Assessment has a key role in shaping the outcomes and success of a curriculum and hence must be carefully planned before implementing. The CBME focuses on outcome and performance skills, so it is important to observe and assess at workplace. The Work Place Based Assessment (WPBA) methods assess at the 'does' level of Miller's pyramid and these assessments include various methods and Portfolio is one among them which is still on trial and error basis and not yet implemented in medical institutions. When a literature search was done only few review articles were available from India on Portfolio in medical education when compared to western countries. In the present review article we shall discuss elaborately the portfolio under various sections such as types and various models of portfolio, components of portfolio, learning portfolio and its types, how to construct a portfolio, various available software / tools for developing a portfolio, purpose, characteristics, responsibilities, assessment of CBME by portfolio in medical graduates at various professional levels and advantages and disadvantages of portfolio.

Keywords: Portfolio, Competency Based Medical Education, Work Place Based Assessments, Medical Education, Multimedia, Learning modalities.

DOI: 10.31975/NJBMS.2018.9107

DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.31975/NJBMS.2018.9107