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NJBMS - Volume 1, Issue 3, January - March 2011

Pages: 146-149
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A STUDY OF PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS IN AMALAPURAM, ANDHRA PRADESH

Author: Bhawani Yedlapati , Sudhakar Vundavali

Category: Microbiology

Abstract:

Background :

The prevalence of hepatitis C in patients with liver disease is known to be high and several studies have been carried out to evaluate the burden of this disease in society. However, limited data is available as to the prevalence of HCV in general population, particularly in rural areas of India.

Aim:

To assess the prevalence of HCV infection and risk factors involved among the out patients and in patients of Orthopaedics, Gynaecology and Surgery departments of Konaseema Institute of Medical sciences, Amalapuram, India.

Methods :

The study groupwas selected by using systematic random sampling (every second patient) and screened for HCV by ELISA method and various risk factors were evaluated by questionaire. A total of 2356 patients were screened for HCV. Results were analysed by using SPSS 10.0 version of the stastical program.

Results:

The seroprevalence of HCVwas found to be 7.8% and two most common risk factors identified among the HCV positive patients were exposure to contaminated syringe needle from unqualified practitioners in both the sexes (62.2%) and contaminated shaving blades from barber shops for only male patients (62%).

Conclusions:

Prevalence of HCV found in this study is unusually high compared to other similar studies.Health education programsto protect from risk factors.

Keywords: Prevalence, Hepatitis C Virus , AP.