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NJBMS - Volume 5, Issue 3, January - March 2015

Pages: 74-77
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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS, ATHEROGENIC INDEX OF PLASMA, AND LIPID PROFILE AMONG THE HEALTHY ADULTS FROM AN URBAN AREA.

Author: N.B. ARUN BABU, R. SUDHA, EVANGELINE JONES

Category: Biochemistry

Abstract:

Background: Markers of body fat distribution such as body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) are consistently associated with the conventional cardiovascular (CV) risk factor like abnormal lipid profile. The atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) is a strongly emerging index for cardiac risk stratification as well as hypertension and diabetes.

Aims and objectives: (1) To assess serum lipid profile and to calculate the AIP in healthy adults of the urban area. (2) To assess the association between BMI and WHR with AIP and lipid profile parameters.

Materials and Methods: Totally, 80 healthy individuals with the age group of 25-55 years were included for this cross-sectional study. BMI and WHR were calculated. Subjects were divided into two groups (obese and non-obese) based on their BMI. Lipid profile was estimated and AIP was calculated using an online calculator.

Results: Statistically significant increase in WHR, triglyceride, and AIP were observed, when obese individuals were compared to their non-obese counterparts. A statistically significant negative association was seen between WHR and high-density lipoprotein levels in obese as well as non-obese individuals.

Conclusion: AIP is a better predictor of CV risk even in healthy individuals, monitoring of which should be done irrespective of body fat distribution.

Keywords: Atherogenic index of plasma, Atherosclerosis, Healthy adults, Lipid Profile.