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NJBMS - Volume 4, Issue 3, January - March 2014

Pages: 169-172
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CORRELATION OF BODY MASS INDEX WITH BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN POST MENOPAUSAL WOMEN

Author: B.SHOBANA, G. SASI KRISHNAN, MILIND V.BHUTKAR

Category: Physiology

Abstract:

Background: Fractures in postmenopausal women are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Osteoporosis is a silent and invisible disease characterized by a decrease in bone mineral density often seen in postmenopausal women.

Aims and Objectives: Aim of the study is to correlate the body mass index (BMI) with bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. The objective is to assess osteoporotic changes in postmenopausal women.

Materials and Methods: Eighty postmenopausal women were included in the study. They were grouped into 40 women with BMI >30 and 40 women with <30 were included for this study osteoporotic changes (bone density) were assessed by using bone densitometry. Unpaired Student’s t‑test was used for statistical analysis.

Result: There was significant (P ≤ 0.001) correlation of BMI with BMD and there was decreased BMD value in subjects with BMI <30 when compared to BMI >30.

Conclusion: This study suggest that increase BMI increases BMD leads to decreased risk of osteoporosis and decreased BMI decreases BMD leads to increased risk of osteoporosis.

Keywords: Bone mineral density, Osteoporosis, densitometry, Post menopausal women