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NJBMS - Volume 6, Issue 2, October - December 2015

Pages: 60-67
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INFLUENCE OF BODY MASS INDEX AND WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE FIRST YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS

Author: LAXMIKANT J. BORSE, G. DEEPAK BANSODE, K. HITESH MODAK

Category: Physiology

Abstract:

Background: Future of the adolescence is mainly decided by their academic achievement hence teachers, students, and their parents are always conscious about that. Many studies have shown the relationship of obesity/overweight which is growing problem in developed as well as in developing countries with various diseased and non-diseased conditions.

Aims and Objectives: The present study was performed to find the influence of body mass index (BMI) and waist cir- cumference (WC) on academic achievement of the first year medical college students.

Materials and Methods: The study included 92 healthy students, 59 males and 33 females. Considering cut-off value for BMI and WC for Asian Indian adults they were divided into different study groups. On the basis of BMI, Group I was with higher BMI (>23 kg/m2) and Group II with lesser BMI (<23 kg/m2). On the basis of WC, Group I was with higher WC (males >85 cm, females >80 cm) and Group II with lesser WC (males <85 cm, females <80 cm). Final university result of the student was considered as their academic achievement indicator. Their final results were compared between males, females and total students in different study groups.

Statistical Analysis: Student’s unpaired t-test was applied for sta- tistical analysis. The outcomes were presented as a mean (standard deviation), and P < 0.05 was considered as signifi- cant. Correlation of critical flicker frequency with visual and auditory reaction time was found out by coefficient of cor- relation.

Result and Conclusion: Our study concluded that academic achievement was significantly lower in students with higher BMI and WC. But gender wise consideration showed no significant relation between females with higher and lesser WC. Causes for these results were difficult to explain but along with psychosocial factors, adiposity and lack of physical activity causing low cognition and brain dysfunction may be responsible for lower academic achievement seen in students with higher BMI and WC. More research work is needed to obtain precise relationship between BMI, WC, and academic achievement.

Keywords: Academic achievement, Adiposity, Body mass index, Obesity, Waist circumference