Join us   Log in  

NJBMS - Volume 9, Issue 3, January - March 2019

Pages: 115-120
Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

A Study of Sex Determination of Human Hip Bone by Total Pelvic Height and Coxal Index

Author: Vijayeendrakanabur , Anita Deshpande

Category: Anatomy


Background and Objectives : Identification of sex of an individual from human skeletal remains has great anthropological and medico-legal significance. The hip bone is considered as an ideal bone for sex determination as it provides the highest accuracy levels for sex determination. The present study was done with an aim to measure total pelvic height and coxal index that will significantly differentiate the sex of hip bone.

Material and Methods : For the study 65 hip bones (35 male and 30 female) of known sex are obtained from the department of Anatomy of Shri B M Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre Vijaypur. The parameters used were total pelvic height and coxal index which were measured using osteometric board.

Results: In the present study significant statistical difference was seen in between the mean values of total pelvic height and coxal index of male and female hip bones on the both the sides.

Conclusion : Total pelvic height and coxal index can be used as indicators of sex determination of human hip bone.

Keywords: Hip bone, sex determination, parameters, coxal index, total pelvic height.

DOI: 10.31975/NJBMS.2019.9302