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      <Volume-Issue>Volume 11, Issue 2</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>October - December 2020</Season>
          <FirstName>Dr. Reena</FirstName>
          <FirstName>Dr. A. Venkata Raghavendra</FirstName>
          <FirstName>Dr. A.</FirstName>
          <FirstName>Dr. S.</FirstName>
      <Abstract>Introduction: Enterococci are one of the leading causes of health care associated infection. The clinical significance of Enterococci is directly linked to its resistance traits which contribute to the risk of infection and colonization. Aims __ampersandsign Objectives: The present study aim to detect the phenotypic traits of Enterococci and its antimicrobial resistance pattern. Materials __ampersandsign Methods: 708 isolates of Enterococci from urine samples were identified into species level by sugar utilization test using brain heart infusion broth containing 1% sugars. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the isolates to various antibiotics was determined by Vitek 2 automated system. Results: Enterococcus faecalis (93.64%) was the predominant isolate obtained followed by E. Faecium (4.24%), E. avium (1.70%) and E. Durans (0.42%). 13 (1.84%), out of 708 isolates were identified as VRE. Van a phenotype was identified in two isolates of E. faecalis with Vancomycin MIC of 8 and 16__ampersandsignmu;g/ml. Ten isolates of E. faecalis exhibited glycopeptides MIC in the susceptibility range (1-4__ampersandsignmu;g/ml) and showed the presence of Van a phenotype by vitek. Van a phenotype was observed in a single isolate of E. faecium with Vancomycin MIC (? 32__ampersandsignmu;g/ml) and Teicoplanin MIC (32__ampersandsignmu;g/ml). Isolate with Van a phenotype was found to be resistant to Penicillin, High Level Gentamicin, Fluoroquinolones, and Macrolides. Conclusion: Identification to species level is important for appropriate therapy of Enterococcal infection. Phenotypic detection of VRE helps to monitor the resistance pattern of clinical isolates, thereby limiting the spread of bacterial resistance.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Enterococcus species, Van Phenotypes, High Level Gentamicin Resistance, Penicillin Resistance.</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://njbms.in/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=13256&amp;title=PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERISATION OF ENTEROCOCCI FROM URINE SAMPLES</Abstract>
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