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<!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) Journal Publishing DTD v1.2d1 20170631//EN" "JATS-journalpublishing1.dtd">
      <Volume-Issue>Volume 5, Issue 2</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>October - December 2014</Season>
          <FirstName>PRATIMA V.</FirstName>
      <Abstract>Introduction: A familial history of hypertension increases the risk of hypertension and arterial stiffness in the offsprings of hypertensive parents. Aim and objectives : This study was undertaken to assess the underlying hypertension by using the isometric handgrip exercise test and  assessing arterial stiffness by using  finger photoplethysmography in the offsprings of hypertensive parents and to compare it with age-matched controls of normotensive parents. Material and Methods : Participants in the study were 50 normal young males of hypertensive parents (study group) and 50 young males of normotensive parents (control group) in the age group of 18 to 24 years. The isometric handgrip test was performed in the study and control groups. The systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic  BP (DBP) and mean arterial BP was recorded at rest, during exercise and 5 minutes after the exercise. Arterial stiffness was recorded as a single digital volume pulse waveform after 15 minutes of rest. Arterial stiffness index (SI) and reflection index (RI) were calculated. Results: The analysis of the results were done by using SPSS version 17.0, by using the unpaired t- test. The SBP, DBP and the mean BP recorded during rest, during exercise and 5 minutes after the  exercise were higher (p</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Arterial stiffness, Finger photoplethysmography , Handgrip dynamometer, Hypertensive offsprings, Isometric</Keywords>