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<!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) Journal Publishing DTD v1.2d1 20170631//EN" "JATS-journalpublishing1.dtd">
      <Volume-Issue>Volume 4, Issue 4</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>April - June 2014</Season>
      <ArticleType>Clinical Sciences</ArticleType>
          <FirstName>ANNAPPA SWAMY D.</FirstName>
      <Abstract>ABSTRACTBackground:  Varicocele is one of the most important causes of male infertility in which there is reflux of blood into the internal spermatic vein. Ultrasonography plays an important role in evaluating these patients for testicular volume. The present study elaborates the effect of varicocele on the testicular volume and its severity based upon the grading of the varicocele.                         Aim :  The purpose of this study is to evaluate the testicular volume by using greyscale ultrasonography in patients with varicocele and compare with the normal testicular range.Objectives: (1) To measure the length, width and height of testis by ultrasonography (2)To calculate the volume of testis by a standard formula. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of male infertility patients (n=54) with varicocele in the age group of 20-50 yrs visiting the Radiology Department of Vinayaka Mission’s Kirupananda Variyar Medical College, Salem, for a period of one year, who underwent ultrasound study of the scrotum. The patients included in the study already had an established diagnosis of varicocele. Ultrasonography was done with a linear high frequency transducer with the patient lying in supine position and testicular volume was measured.  Results: The mean testicular volume on the left side was 8.8 cc and on the right side was 10.2 cc, corresponding to a 52% reduction in volume on the left side and 44% on the right side, with 68% patients having grades one and two varicocele. Conclusion: A significant reduction of testicular volume was observed in male infertility patients with varicocele with higher incidence on left side.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Testicular volume, Ultrasonography, Varicocele</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://njbms.in/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=1508&amp;title=EVALUATION OF TESTICULAR VOLUME BY ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN VARICOCELE PATIENTS</Abstract>