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  <Article>
    <Journal>
      <PublisherName>njbms</PublisherName>
      <JournalTitle>NJBMS</JournalTitle>
      <PISSN>0976-6626</PISSN>
      <EISSN>2455-1740</EISSN>
      <Volume-Issue>Volume 3, Issue 3</Volume-Issue>
      <PartNumber/>
      <IssueTopic>Multidisciplinary</IssueTopic>
      <IssueLanguage>English</IssueLanguage>
      <Season>January - March 2013</Season>
      <SpecialIssue>N</SpecialIssue>
      <SupplementaryIssue>N</SupplementaryIssue>
      <IssueOA>Y</IssueOA>
      <PubDate>
        <Year>-0001</Year>
        <Month>11</Month>
        <Day>30</Day>
      </PubDate>
      <ArticleType>Pharmacology</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF PATTERN OF ANTIMICROBIAL PROPHYLAXIS AND SURGICAL SITE INFECTION IN ABDOMINAL SURGERIES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL</ArticleTitle>
      <SubTitle/>
      <ArticleLanguage>English</ArticleLanguage>
      <ArticleOA>Y</ArticleOA>
      <FirstPage>221</FirstPage>
      <LastPage>226</LastPage>
      <AuthorList>
        <Author>
          <FirstName>BASAVARAJ</FirstName>
          <LastName>BHANDARE</LastName>
          <AuthorLanguage>English</AuthorLanguage>
          <Affiliation/>
          <CorrespondingAuthor>N</CorrespondingAuthor>
          <ORCID/>
          <FirstName>SATYANARAYANA</FirstName>
          <LastName>.V</LastName>
          <AuthorLanguage>English</AuthorLanguage>
          <Affiliation/>
          <CorrespondingAuthor>Y</CorrespondingAuthor>
          <ORCID/>
          <FirstName>JYOTIRMOY</FirstName>
          <LastName>ADHIKARY</LastName>
          <AuthorLanguage>English</AuthorLanguage>
          <Affiliation/>
          <CorrespondingAuthor>Y</CorrespondingAuthor>
          <ORCID/>
        </Author>
      </AuthorList>
      <DOI/>
      <Abstract>Background : SSI is the third most commonly reported nosocomial infection. Appropriate AMP has been found to be effective in reducing SSI , but inappropriate use is associated with increase in the cost and emergence of bacterial resistance.Aim: This study was aimed to determine the pattern of prophylactic antimicrobial utilization and incidence of SSI in abdominal surgeries .Settings and Design: This retrospective observational study included patients who had undergone abdominal surgeries in the Department of General Surgery and Obstetrics and Gyaenacology over a period 10 months.Material and methods : 500 abdominal surgeries were considered for study and data collected  includes, types of surgeries ; wound classes ; choice, dose, route, timing and duration of AMP apart from demographic profile of the patients.Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test was applied at 5% level of significance.Results : In our study overall SSI rate was 12.4 %. Two drug combination of Cefotaxim and Metronidazole was most commonly used antibiotic ( 49.2 %). A significant statistical correlation was found between timing of AMP and SSI rate (P &lt; 0.05 , χ2 = 5.5). But no statistically significant correlation was found between duration of AMP and SSI (P &gt; 0.05 , χ2 = 0.1182 ).Conclusion : As inappropriate use of antimicrobials is a significant factor for development of bacterial resistance, therefore judicious use of prophylactic antimicrobials with respect to choice, dose, route, time and duration is very essential</Abstract>
      <AbstractLanguage>English</AbstractLanguage>
      <Keywords>Surgical site infection (SSI), Antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP), Abdominal surgery.</Keywords>
      <URLs>
        <Abstract>https://njbms.in/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=1649&amp;title=A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF PATTERN OF ANTIMICROBIAL PROPHYLAXIS AND SURGICAL SITE INFECTION IN ABDOMINAL SURGERIES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL</Abstract>
      </URLs>
      <References>
        <ReferencesarticleTitle>References</ReferencesarticleTitle>
        <ReferencesfirstPage>16</ReferencesfirstPage>
        <ReferenceslastPage>19</ReferenceslastPage>
        <References/>
      </References>
    </Journal>
  </Article>
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