National Journal of Basic Medical Sciences


Pages: 56-60

Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001


Author: G.K. NALINI

Category: Pharmacology

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Aim and Objectives : The objective of this prospective study at medical and dental teaching hospitals was done to estimate the types and prevalence of medication errors during prescription and assess the acquisition of prescribing skills of medical and dental undergraduate students.

Materials and Methods: Prescription writing skills of 258 students of both 2nd and final year MBBS and BDS students were analyzed through objective structured questionnaires. Results: MBBS students of final year scored 85.01% and 92.82% respectively in physician and drug related components. Whereas 2nd year MBBS students scored 89.9% and 83.4% for the same set of questions. Second year BDS students scored 91.96% and 86.33% respectively for the same questions. This is better than final year BDS students who scored 83.33% and 77.94% respectively.

Discussion :This study revealed that the students of both courses are in need of critically addressing the legibility of prescription, correct spelling of drugs, authorized abbreviations and all other information of a prescription concerned with patient, prescriber and drugs to minimize the occurrence of medication errors. They must also acquire prescribing skills to a limited extent during clinical phase as this order has legal significance and usually has some temporal relationship. Prescribing errors were found both in physician and drug related components. Vigorous training during internship period will help to minimize prescribing errors, to establish the prescriber’s identity and to improve rational prescribing too.

Keywords: Dental, Drugs, medical, Prescription , Rational, student